Servile: Slavishly submissive or obsequious; Fawning.
Befouled: To cast aspersions upon; speak badly of.
Example 1: Imagery;
" She would take me and my fellows on walks, in an especially lovely part of my birth country, The amazing variety to be found in a hedgerow; the wonder of a clutch of eggs found in an intricate nest; the way that if the nettles stung your legs(we had to wear shorts) thare would a soothing dock leaf planted near to hand."
The passage creates a vivid picture in my mind and it gets the reader to feel the sting of the nettles.
Example 2: Metaphor;
"Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of the heartless world, just as it is the spirit of the a spiritless situation. It is the opium of the people."
The author uses metaphor when he says that religion is the opium of the people. Marx doesnt mean that literally but rather he suggests that religions soothe and calm people just like opium.
Example 3: Irony;
" Why, if god was the creator of all things, were we supposed to "praise" him so incessantly for doing what came to him naturally?"
What appears to be true on the outside, when looked at from different angle, really isnt true at all.